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The Sphinx Mystery: The Forgotten Origins of the Sanctuary of Anubis

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Robert Temple reveals that the Sphinx was originally a monumental Anubis, the Egyptian jackal god, and its head was later re-carved in the likeness of Pharaoh Amenemhet II. Surrounded by a moat--called Jackal Lake in the Pyramid Texts--and containing hidden chambers, the Sphinx was a center for religious ceremonies in...

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Robert Temple reveals that the Sphinx was originally a monumental Anubis, the Egyptian jackal god, and its head was later re-carved in the likeness of Pharaoh Amenemhet II. Surrounded by a moat--called Jackal Lake in the Pyramid Texts--and containing hidden chambers, the Sphinx was a center for religious ceremonies in ancient times.
Review Quotes:
"Although moderately technical (there really is no way to avoid it on a subject this compex), it is eminently readable and fairly easily understood. . . . Professor Temple makes no attempt to placate either side of the debate. He simply lays out his conclusions and allows the reader to decide whether they agree or not."

Review Quotes:
"For anyone interested in ancient Egypt this book is required reading. It is a fascinating and compelling study of how consensus blindness, adopted too often with a dogged arrogance, is the perennial enemy of research and understanding."

Review Quotes:
"More than the unraveling of a mystery story, this book is a close-up look at the vanishing art of historical research and how academic infighting, politics, reckless restoration, and economic concerns affect such work. Temple makes an excellent case for the restoration of rigorous scholarly standards and the teaching of research techniques that go beyond electronic searches."

Review Quotes:
"Quite brilliant detective work and deduction has gone into the book and the photographic reproductions (most of them from the massive collection that Robert holds personally) are simply immense. . . . This is a book not to be missed."

Review Quotes:
"Robert and Olivia not only did an outstanding job of pulling together a treasure trove of little known historic facts and photos but they put them together in a way that tells an exciting and compelling story. This book clearly lays out the age-old Sphinx mystery like a puzzle, and then solves it while making sense of every anomaly along the way. What an excellent piece of work!"

Review Quotes:
"Temple analyses ancient texts, commentaries, later eyewitness accounts, and early photographs, uncovering overlooked details. He discusses now-sealed secret chambers and his exploration of a tunnel at the rear of the structure (see www.sphinxmystery.info). This is indeed a monumental work!"

Review Quotes:
"The author blends his expertise as a professor of history and philosophy to provide a fine in-depth probe of Egyptian mysteries."

Review Quotes:
"What makes Temple so exciting, quite apart from the stupendous depth of his research, is his refusal to take on board any received wisdom. His attitude towards received wisdom and 'consensual reality', bringing into his sights declining standards of scholarship in the Google Age and the 'restorative' work done on the Sphinx, is blatantly critical: 'One of the greatest myths of humanity is that everyone cares about the truth. Many people do not . . . "

Review Quotes:
"Whether or not Temple is right in his theories, the way he presents his case makes "The Sphinx Mystery" an interesting book if you're into Egyptology. It has rekindled my interest in the subject and should be read. It may wash the consensus blindness from your eyes."

Review Quotes:
"Brilliant! A remarkable work of detailed and painstaking research, integrative thinking, and original insight. The Temples' reinterpretation of some Egypt's abiding mysteries is more than thought-provoking: it is inspiring."

Review Quotes:
"I was swept straight into this marvelous book. It's brilliant, original, occasionally delightfully malicious, and it showed me just how little I really knew about the Sphinx."

Review Quotes:
"The true mysteries of the Sphinx, both hidden and forgotten, are brilliantly exposed in this compelling book by Robert and Olivia Temple. They have uncovered hard data revealing the manipulation and misinterpretation that dominate this area of Egyptology. Their use of solid evidence, textual and photographic, make their case unarguable."

Jacket Description/Back:
ANCIENT MYSTERIES / EGYPT "The true mysteries of the Sphinx, both hidden and forgotten, are brilliantly exposed in this compelling book by Robert and Olivia Temple. They have uncovered hard data revealing the manipulation and misinterpretation that dominate this area of Egyptology. Their use of solid evidence, textual and photographic, make their case unarguable." --Michael Baigent, coauthor of Holy Blood, Holy Grail and author of The Jesus Papers Shrouded in mystery for centuries, the Sphinx of Giza has frustrated many who have attempted to discover its original purpose. Accounts exist of the Sphinx as an oracle, as a king's burial chamber, and as a temple for initiation into the Hermetic Mysteries. Egyptologists have argued for decades about whether there are secret chambers underneath the Sphinx, why the head-to-body ratio is out of proportion, and whose face adorns it. In The Sphinx Mystery, Robert Temple addresses the many mysteries of the Sphinx. He presents eyewitness accounts, published over a period of 281 years, of people who saw the secret chambers and even went inside them before they were sealed in 1926--accounts that had been forgotten until the author rediscovered them. He also describes his own exploration of a tunnel at the rear of the Sphinx, perhaps used for obtaining sacred divinatory dreams. Robert Temple reveals that the Sphinx was originally a monumental Anubis, the Egyptian jackal god, and that its face is that of a Middle Kingdom pharaoh, Amenemhet II, which was a later re-carving. In addition, he provides photographic evidence of ancient sluice gate traces to demonstrate that, during the Old Kingdom, the Sphinx as Anubis sat surrounded by a moat filled with water--called Jackal Lake in the ancient Pyramid Texts--where religious ceremonies were held. He also provides evidence that the exact size and position of the Sphinx were geometrically determined in relation to the pyramids of Cheops and Chephren and that it was part of a pharaonic resurrection cult. ROBERT TEMPLE is a visiting professor of the history and philosophy of science at Tsinghua University in Beijing, a fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society, and a member of the Egypt Exploration Society, Royal Historical Society, Institute of Classical Studies, and the Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies. He is the author of 12 books, including The Sirius Mystery, Oracles of the Dead, and The Genius of China. He and his wife, Olivia, also translated Aesop: The Complete Fables. They live in England.

Table of Contents:
Introduction by Olivia Temple
Introduction by Robert Temple
1 Sphinx Obsession
2 The "Secret Chamber" beneath the Sphinx
3 An Amazing Survival
4 The Face of the Sphinx
5 The Sphinx as Anubis
6 Sphinx Island
7 The Sphinx and the Giza Plan
8 The Golden Angle of Resurrection
Accounts of the Sphinx from Roman Times to 1837
S e c t i o n 1
Accounts of the Sphinx from Roman Times to 1798
S e c t i o n 2
Accounts of the Sphinx from 1800 to 1837
A p p e n d i x O n e
Excavations of Monsieur Mariette at the Great Sphinx
By Auguste Mariette
Translated by Olivia Temple
A p p e n d i x T wo
Concerning the Age of the Sphinx at Giza
By Ludwi g Borchardt
Translated by Rob ert Temple and Eleonore Reed
A p p e n d i x T h r e e
Sphinx
By Jam es Burton (1822)
A p p e n d i x F o u r
A Description of Giambattista Caviglia's Excavation
of the Sphinx
Translated by Stefano Greco
A p p e n d i x F i v e
Scientific Visual Documentation of the Sphinx
N o t e s
I n d e x

Biographical Note:
Robert Temple is visiting professor of the history and philosophy of science at Tsinghua University in Beijing, a fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society, and member of the Egypt Exploration Society, Royal Historical Society, Institute of Classical Studies, and the Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies. He is the author of 12 books, including "The Sirius Myster"y, "Oracles of the Dead," and "The Genius of China." He and his wife, Olivia, also translated "Aesop: The Complete Fables." They live in England.
A book that verifies the existence of secret underground chambers beneath the Sphinx and demonstrates its origins as the Egyptian god of the dead, Anubis
- Includes an anthology of eyewitness accounts from early travelers who explored the secret chambers before they were sealed in 1926
- Reveals that the Sphinx was originally carved as a monumental crouching Anubis, the Egyptian jackal god of the necropolis
Shrouded in mystery for centuries, the Sphinx of Giza has frustrated many who have attempted to discover its original purpose. Accounts exist of the Sphinx as an oracle, as a king's burial chamber, and as a temple for initiation into the Hermetic Mysteries. Egyptologists have argued for decades about whether there are secret chambers underneath the Sphinx, why the head-to-body ratio is out of proportion, and whose face adorns it.
In "The Sphinx Mystery," Robert Temple addresses the many mysteries of the Sphinx. He presents eyewitness accounts, published over a period of 281 years, of people who saw the secret chambers and even went inside them before they were sealed in 1926--accounts that had been forgotten until the author rediscovered them. He also describes his own exploration of a tunnel at the rear of the Sphinx, perhaps used for obtaining sacred divinatory dreams.
Robert Temple reveals that the Sphinx was originally a monumental Anubis, the Egyptian jackal god, and that its face is that of a Middle Kingdom Pharaoh, Amenemhet II, which was a later re-carving. In addition, he provides photographic evidence of ancient sluice gate traces to demonstrate that, during the Old Kingdom, the Sphinx as Anubis sat surrounded by a moat filled with water--called Jackal Lake in the ancient Pyramid Texts--where religious ceremonies were held. He also provides evidence that the exact size and position of the Sphinx were geometrically determined in relation to the pyramids of Cheops and Chephren and that it was part of a pharaonic resurrection cult.

Contributor Bio: Temple, Robert
Robert Temple is visiting professor of the history and philosophy of science at Tsinghua University in Beijing; fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society; member of the Egypt Exploration Society, Royal Historical Society, Institute of Classical Studies, and the Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies; and visiting research fellow of the University of the Aegean in Greece. He is the author of 10 books, including The Sirius Mystery and The Genius of China. He wrote, produced, and presented the documentary film Descent into Hell, based upon his book, Oracles of the Dead, for National Geographic Channel. His translation of the Epic of Gilgamesh was staged at the Royal National Theatre in London in 1993. He resides in England with his wife, Olivia. They are joint translators of Aesop: The Complete Fables.

Contributor Bio: Temple, Olivia
Olivia and her husband Robert translated Aesop: The Complete Fables. They live in England.

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