Reading in the Brain: The New Science of How We Read

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In this riveting investigation, Dehaene explores every aspect of the ability to read, from its origins to its neural underpinnings. A world authority on the subject, Dehaene reveals the hidden logic of spelling and describes pioneering research on how we process languages. Brief Description: Originally published: New York: Viking, 2009....

In this riveting investigation, Dehaene explores every aspect of the ability to read, from its origins to its neural underpinnings. A world authority on the subject, Dehaene reveals the hidden logic of spelling and describes pioneering research on how we process languages.
Brief Description:
Originally published: New York: Viking, 2009.

Brief Description:
"The act of reading is so easily taken for granted that we forget what an astounding feat it is. How can a few black marks on white paper evoke an entire universe of meanings? It's even more amazing when we consider that we read using a primate brain that evolved to serve an entirely different purpose. In this riveting investigation, Stanislas Dehaene explores every aspect of this human invention, from its origins to its neural underpinnings. A world authority on the subject, Dehaene reveals the hidden logic of spelling, describes pioneering research on how we process languages, and takes us into a new appreciation of the brain and its wondrous capacity to adapt."--Cover p. [4].

Marc Notes:
Originally published: New York: Viking Penguin, 2009.; Includes bibliographical references and index.

Table of Contents:
Introduction The New Science of Reading -- From Neurons to Education -- Putting Neurons into Culture -- The Mystery of the Reading Ape -- Biological Unity and Cultural Diversity -- A Reader's Guide -- Chapter 1. How Do We Read? -- The Eye: A Poor Scanner -- The Search for Invariants -- Amplifying Differences -- Every Word Is a Tree -- The Silent Voice -- The Limits of Sound -- The Hidden Logic of Our Spelling System -- The Impossible Dream of Transparent Spelling -- Two Routes for Reading -- Mental Dictionaries -- An Assembly of Daemons -- Parallel Reading -- Active Letter Decoding -- Conspiracy and Competition in Reading -- From Behavior to Brain Mechanisms -- Chapter 2. The Brains Letterbox -- Joseph-Jules Dejerine's Discovery -- Pure Alexia -- A Lesion Revealed -- Modern Lesion Analysis -- Decoding the Reading Brain -- Reading Is Universal -- A Patchwork of Visual Preferences -- How Fast Do We Read? -- Electrodes in the Brain -- Position Invariance -- Subliminal Reading -- How Culture Fashions the Brain -- The Brains of Chinese Readers -- Japanese and Its Two Scripts -- Beyond the Letterbox -- Sound and Meaning -- From Spelling to Sound -- Avenues to Meaning -- A Cerebral Tidal Bore -- Brain Limits on Cultural Diversity -- Reading and Evolution -- Chapter 3. The Reading Ape -- Of Monkeys and Men -- Neurons for Objects -- Grandmother Cells -- An Alphabet in the Monkey Brain -- Proto-Letters -- The Acquisition of Shape -- The Learning Instinct -- Neuronal Recycling -- Birth of a Culture -- Neurons for Reading -- Bigram Neurons -- A Neuronal Word Tree -- How Many Neurons for Reading? -- Simulating the Reader's Cortex -- Cortical Biases That Shape Reading -- Chapter 4. Inventing Reading -- The Universal Features of Writing Systems -- A Golden Section for Writing Systems -- Artificial Signs and Natural Shapes -- Prehistoric Precursors of Writing -- From Counting to Writing -- The Limits of Pictography -- The Alphabet: A Great Leap Forward -- Vowels: The Mothers of Reading -- Chapter 5. Learning to Read -- The Birth of a Future Reader -- Three Steps for Reading -- Becoming Aware of Phonemes -- Graphemes and Phonemes: A Chicken and Egg Problem -- The Orthographic Stage -- The Brain of a Young Reader -- The Illiterate Brain -- What Does Reading Make Us Lose? -- When Letters Have Colors -- From Neuroscience to Education -- Reading Wars -- The Myth of Whole-Word Reading -- The Inefficiency of the Whole-Language Approach -- A Few Suggestions for Educators -- Chapter 6. The Dyslexic Brain -- What Is Dyslexia? -- Phonological Trouble -- The Biological Unity of Dyslexia -- A Prime Suspect: The Left Temporal Lobe -- Neuronal Migrations -- The Dyslexic Mouse -- The Genetics of Dyslexia -- Overcoming Dyslexia -- Chapter 7. Reading and Symmetry -- When Animals Mix Left and Right -- Evolution and Symmetry -- Symmetry Perception and Brain Symmetry -- Dr. Orton's Modern Followers -- The Pros and Cons of a Symmetrical Brain -- Single-Neuron Symmetry -- Symmetrical Connections -- Dormant Symmetry -- Breaking the Mirror -- Broken Symmetry ... or Hidden Symmetry? -- Symmetry, Reading, and Neuronal Recycling -- A Surprising Case of Mirror Dyslexia -- Chapter 8. Toward a Culture of Neurons -- Resolving the Reading Paradox -- The Universality of Cultural Forms -- Neuronal Recycling and Cerebral Modules -- Toward a List of Cultural Invariants -- Why Are We the Only Cultural Species? -- Uniquely Human Plasticity? -- Reading Other Minds -- A Global Neuronal Workspace -- Conclusion The Future of Reading -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Index -- Figure Credits.
"Brings together the cognitive, the cultural, and the neurological in an elegant, compelling narrative. A revelatory work."
-Oliver Sacks, M.D.
The act of reading is so easily taken for granted that we forget what an astounding feat it is. How can a few black marks on white paper evoke an entire universe of meanings? It's even more amazing when we consider that we read using a primate brain that evolved to serve an entirely different purpose. In this riveting investigation, Stanislas Dehaene explores every aspect of this human invention, from its origins to its neural underpinnings. A world authority on the subject, Dehaene reveals the hidden logic of spelling, describes pioneering research on hiw we process languages, and takes us into a new appreciation of the brain and its wondrous capacity to adapt.

Review Citations:
New York Times Book Review 11/28/2010 pg. 28 (EAN 9780143118053, Paperback)
Publishers Weekly 08/17/2009 pg. 52 (EAN 9780670021109, Hardcover)
Kirkus Reviews 09/01/2009 (EAN 9780670021109, Hardcover)
Booklist 10/15/2009 pg. 11 (EAN 9780670021109, Hardcover)
Library Journal 11/01/2009 pg. 86 (EAN 9780670021109, Hardcover)
New York Times Book Review 01/03/2010 pg. 15 (EAN 9780670021109, Hardcover)
New York Review of Books 01/10/2010 pg. 18 (EAN 9780670021109, Hardcover)
Science 01/29/2010 pg. 524 (EAN 9780670021109, Hardcover)
Choice 05/01/2010 (EAN 9780670021109, Hardcover)
Wilson Public Library Catalog 01/01/2013 pg. 379 (EAN 9780670021109, Hardcover)
Contributor Bio: Dehaene, Stanislas
Stanislas Dehaene is the director of the Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit in Saclay, France, and the author of "Reading in the Brain".

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